12th Generation Intel® Core™ Processors
Datasheet, Volume 1 of 2
Indirect Branch Tracking
The ENDBR32 and ENDBR64 (collectively ENDBRANCH) are two new instructions that are used to mark valid indirect CALL/JMP target locations in the program. This instruction is a NOP on legacy processors for backward compatibility.
The processor implements a state machine that tracks indirect JMP and CALL instructions. When one of these instructions is seen, the state machine moves from IDLE to WAIT_FOR_ENDBRANCH state. In WAIT_FOR_ENDBRANCH state the next instruction in the program stream must be an ENDBRANCH. If an ENDBRANCH is not seen the processor causes a control protection fault (#CP), otherwise the state machine moves back to IDLE state.
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