12th Generation Intel® Core™ Processors Datasheet, Volume 1 of 2
Intel® Turbo Boost Technology 2.0 Power Monitoring
When operating in turbo mode, the processor monitors its own power and adjusts the processor and graphics frequencies to maintain the average power within limits over a thermally significant time period. The processor estimates the package power for all components on the package. In the event that a workload causes the temperature to exceed program temperature limits, the processor will protect itself using the Adaptive Thermal Monitor.