Intel® Pentium® Silver and Intel® Celeron® Processors Datasheet, Volume 1
The PCH contains two counters that have fixed uses. All registers and functions associated with these timers are in the Primary well. The 8254 unit is clocked by a 1.193 MHz periodic timer tick, which is functional only in S0 states. The 1.193MHz periodic timer tick is generated off the 38.4/24 MHz xtal clock.
Counter 0, System Timer
This counter functions as the system timer by controlling the state of IRQ0 and is typically programmed for Mode 3 operation. The counter produces a square wave with a period equal to the product of the counter period (838 ns) and the initial count value. The counter loads the initial count value 1 counter period after software writes the count value to the counter I/O address. The counter initially asserts IRQ0 and decrements the count value by two each counter period. The counter negates IRQ0 when the count value reaches 0. It then reloads the initial count value and again decrements the initial count value by two each counter period. The counter then asserts IRQ0 when the count value reaches 0, reloads the initial count value, and repeats the cycle, alternately asserting and negating IRQ0.
Counter 2, Speaker Tone
This counter provides the speaker tone and is typically programmed for Mode 3 operation. The counter provides a speaker frequency equal to the counter clock frequency (1.193 MHz) divided by the initial count value. The speaker must be enabled by a write to port 061h (Refer NMI Status and Control ports).